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Today, people’s eyes were on the budget all day. For the health sector, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman mentioned sickle cell anemia. She said in her budget speech that she has set a goal to eliminate sickle cell disease from the country by 2047, by running screening and awareness programs across the country. Sickle cell anemia is a genetic disorder. Because a person who suffers from it may have to face many problems throughout his life. Let us know what sickle cell disease is and how to prevent sickle cell disease.
What is the plan for sickle cell disease in the budget?
In presenting the economic budget for the year 2023-24, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has set herself the goal of eliminating sickle cell disease from the country. For this, the time has been set until the year 2047 to end it completely. In this, 8 million people will be examined. Especially its people who are in the 0-40 age group. What is sickle cell anemia and can it be controlled? To discuss this, we spoke with Dr. Shuchin Bajaj. Dr. Shuchin is the Founding Director of the Ujala Cygnus Group of Hospitals.
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What is sickle cell anemia?
Sickle cell anemia is one of the genetic problems called sickle cell disease. According to Dr. Schuchin, 4.5 million people worldwide suffer from sickle cell disease, 80 percent of whom are in African countries.
It affects the shape of red blood cells, which carry oxygen to all parts of the body.
Red blood cells are usually round and flexible. That is why they can easily get from one place to another through the blood vessels. But when you have sickle cell anemia, your red blood cells become sickle- or crescent-shaped. These sickled cells also become hard and sticky, which can slow blood flow.
Dr. Shuchin Bajaj explains that the problem of sickle cell disease begins at the age of 5-6 months. In addition to increasing time, it can cause many more problems. A person suffering from sickle cell anemia can suddenly feel severe pain, it can also cause anemia, swelling of the legs and hands, bacterial infection, stroke, joint pain.
Sickle cell disease can be more dangerous if both parents have sickle cells. Such children can have dangerous sickle cell symptoms. If only one parent has sickle cell, then the child will have sickle cell trait. Which is not considered very dangerous.
Sickle cell disease can be easily detected during pregnancy and through a blood test.
Why does sickle cell anemia occur?
Sickle cell disease is caused by a change in the gene. Which tells the body to make iron in red blood cells called hemoglobin. Hemoglobin allows red blood cells to carry oxygen from the lungs throughout the body. In people with sickle cell disease, the red blood cells become stiff, sticky, and sickle-shaped.
According to Dr. Shuchin Bajaj, sickle cell anemia is passed from parent to child. If both parents have sickle cell trait, there is a good chance that the child has sickle cell disease. If the mother or father has this gene, then the child is less likely to develop sickle cell disease or even if it does, the child does not show the symptoms of sickle cell disease.
That is why it is more important than getting your horoscopes, letters before marriage that you first have both of you blood tested so that if either of you has sickle cell or any other disease, it can be detected.
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What can be the serious symptoms of sickle cell anemia?
trouble walking or talking
paralysis or weakness in the extremities
it doesn’t look good
Is sickle cell anemia curable?
Once you are diagnosed with sickle cell symptoms, there are several treatments that can help you manage the symptoms.
Intravenous fluid dehydration can help normalize red blood cell function.
Analgesics can be taken to relieve the pain.
Some supplements may be given to improve the level of oxygen in the blood.
You can also get vaccinated to prevent infection.
Bone marrow transplantation is also used to prevent this.
At the time of marriage, check that neither the woman nor the man have sickle cell disease because it increases the problem of having a child. However, it can also be detected during pregnancy.
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