This is the same sunspot from which 10 solar flares came out one after another in the past. Because of this, there was a radio blackout over the Atlantic Ocean for some time. According to the report, the geomagnetic storm likely to hit the earth may be category G-1. It will be very weak and may show little effect. Due to this, there may be slight fluctuations in the electrical networks. There may be disturbances in the satellites. However, if a geomagnetic storm is powerful enough, it can bring satellites down to Earth and disrupt the Internet.
Solar flares, CMEs, or geomagnetic storms emanating from the Sun are the result of the solar cycle, which has made the Sun very active. Speaking of coronal mass ejections, CMEs are large clouds of solar plasma. After the solar explosion, these clouds are dispersed in space by the Sun’s magnetic field. Due to their rotation in space, they expand and often reach a distance of several million kilometers. Sometimes it collides with the magnetic field of the planets. When its direction is towards the earth, it can cause geomagnetic disturbances. Because of this, there may be a short circuit in the satellites and the power grid may be affected. When their effect is high, they can also endanger astronauts present in Earth orbit.
At the same time, when the Sun’s magnetic energy is released, the light and particles emanating from it create solar flares. These flares are the most powerful explosions ever recorded in our solar system, releasing energy comparable to billions of hydrogen bombs. The energetic particles present in them that travel at the speed of light are also called coronal mass ejections.
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